Just another part of the lesson series by the name of “ADVERB CLAUSES”.
In this post I prepared a lesson on the subject of “EXPRESSING CONDITIONS IN ADVERB CLAUSES”.
Also I placed a set of exercises to help you understand the grammar lesson. Have fun!
EXPRESSING CONDITIONS IN ADVERB CLAUSES:
|(a) If it rains, the streets get wet.
If-clauses (also called “adverb clauses of condition”) present possible conditions. The main clause expresses results.
In (a): POSSIBLE CONDITION = it rains
RESULT = the streets get wet
|(b) If it rains tomorrow, I will take my umbrella.
A present tense, not a future tense, is used in an if-clause even though the verb in the if-clause may refer to a future event or situation, as in (b).
|WORDS THAT INTRODUCE ADVERB CLAUSES OF CONDITION (IF-CLAUSES)
If in case unless
Whether or not in the event that only if
It may be cold tomorrow.
- If it’s cold tomorrow, I’m going to stay home.
- If it’s cold tomorrow, let’s go skating.
- If it’s cold tomorrow, you should wear your wool sweater.
- We can’t go on a picnic if it’s cold tomorrow.
- Maybe it will be hot tomorrow.
- Maybe you will have some free time tomorrow.
- Maybe you will lock yourself out of your apartment.
- Maybe the sun will be shining when you get up tomorrow morning.
Hello dear viewers
I want to put another post about the Adverb Clauses. I need your idea about what you think. Are these posts are helpful? Do you like these posts about grammar lesson and need more or not?
SHOWING DIRECT CONTRAST: WHILE AND WHEREAS
|(a) Mary is rich, while John is poor.
(b) John is poor, while Mary is rich.
(c) Mary is rich, whereas John is poor.
(d) Whereas Mary is rich, John is poor.
|While and whereas are used to show direct contrast: “this” is exactly the opposite of “that” While and whereas may be used with the idea of either clause with no difference in meaning. Whereas mostly occurs in formal written English.
Note: A comma is usually used even if the adverb clause comes second.
(e) While I was studying, the phone rang
|While is also used in time clauses and means “during the time ”
Hello viewers. I hope you do well wherever you are. In this post I provide another grammar lesson along with other grammar lessons on the subject of Adverb Clauses.
In this lesson I give you more examples to rehearse and memorize each grammar part.
|EXPRESSING CONTRAST (UNEXPECTED RESULT): USING EVEN THOUGH
(a) Because the weather was cold, I didn’t go swimming.
(b) Even though the weather was cold, I went swimming.
(c) Because I wasn’t tired, I didn’t go to bed.
(d) Even though I wasn’t tired, I went to bed.
Because is used to express expected results.
Even though is used to express unexpected results.
Even though means despite the fact that and is a more emphatic version of though and although.
Note: Like Because, even though introduces an adverb clause.
Even though he’s 86, he has excellent health
Even though she hasn’t really got the time, she still offered to help
Even though he lost his job as Arts Minister, he continued to serve in the government.
As I mentioned in the last post I want to prepare nine posts on the subject of “Adverb Clauses” and now I organize the second post of that series.
In this post you can see the way of using “because”, “now that” and “since” and you can use them in your sentences. Continue reading
Hello dear partners.
If you are studying for a TOEFL or IELTS exam or would like to pass a writing test or interested in progressing in your writing, you should be aware of using adverb clauses in your texts for some reasons:
First it makes your writing clear and creative.
Also, it helps you to use correct grammar and know about the punctuation rules which will make your writing nice.
I want to provide nine grammar lessons on the subject of adverb clauses. Read them carefully and try to use them in your writing until you get a natural feeling about adverb clauses.
I really enjoy when I read your comments. Thank you and have fun! Continue reading
In this post I provide a grammar lesson about “paired conjunctions” and I think it’s useful for your writing and also speaking as well.
At least it worked for me. Read it carefully and tell me your idea about it.
|PAIRED CONJUNCTIONS: BOTH . . . AND; NOT ONLY . . . BUT ALSO; EITHER . . . OR; NEITHER . . . NOR
(a) Both my mother and my sister are here
(b) Not only my mother but also my sister is here
(c) Not only my sister but also my parents are here
(d) Neither my mother nor my sister is here
(e) Neither my sister nor my parents are here
Two subjects connected by both . . . and take a plural verb, as in (a).
When two subjects are connected by not only . . . but also, either . . . or, or neither . . . nor, the subject that is closer to the verb determines whether the verb is singular or plural.
(f) The research project will take both time and money
(g) Yesterday it not only rained but (also) snowed.
(h) I’ll take either chemistry or physics next quarter.
(i) That book is neither interesting nor accurate.
Notice the parallel structure in the examples. The same grammatical form should follow each part of the paired conjunctions.
In (f): both + noun + and + noun
In (g): not only + verb + but also + verb
In (h): either + noun + or + noun
In (i): neither + adjective + nor + adjective