Grammar Lesson 6: EXPRESSING CONDITIONS IN ADVERB CLAUSES: IF-CLAUSES


Just another part of the lesson series by the name of “ADVERB CLAUSES”.

In this post I prepared a lesson on the subject of “EXPRESSING CONDITIONS IN ADVERB CLAUSES”.

Also I placed a set of exercises to help you understand the grammar lesson. Have fun!

EXPRESSING CONDITIONS IN ADVERB CLAUSES:

IF-CLAUSES

(a)    If it rains, the streets get wet.
If-clauses (also called “adverb clauses of condition”) present possible conditions. The main clause expresses results.
In (a): POSSIBLE CONDITION = it rains
RESULT = the streets get wet
(b)   If it rains tomorrow, I will take my umbrella.
A present tense, not a future tense, is used in an if-clause even though the verb in the if-clause may refer to a future event or situation, as in (b).
WORDS THAT INTRODUCE ADVERB CLAUSES OF CONDITION (IF-CLAUSES) 

If                                                                 in case                                               unless

Whether or not                                         in the event that                              only if

Even if

Exercises:

It may be cold tomorrow.

  • If it’s cold tomorrow, I’m going to stay home.
  • If it’s cold tomorrow, let’s go skating.
  • If it’s cold tomorrow, you should wear your wool sweater.
  • We can’t go on a picnic if it’s cold tomorrow.
  1. Maybe it will be hot tomorrow.
  2. Maybe you will have some free time tomorrow.
  3. Maybe you will lock yourself out of your apartment.
  4. Maybe the sun will be shining when you get up tomorrow morning.
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About Fazel

My name is Fazel and I am a software engineer.
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